From 58 BC until 50 BC, the sounds of the clashing swords kept on colliding as the Celts tried to protect their territories during the Gallic Wars with the ancient Rome forces.
But, wait... who exactly the Celts are, you said? Whether you have already known them or not, here are 9 mind-blowing facts that you absolutely don't want to miss out!
1. About the Celts
The Celts (pronounced as kelts) were a group of Indo-European people from Central Europe, and also settled in areas in Britain, such as Cornwall and Wales. The Celtic culture started to spread in the early 1,200 BC. They all shared the same language, culture, and religious beliefs.
The Celts consist of three main branches: Brythonic or Britons, who lived around modern-day Cornwall and Wales; Gaelic or Gaels, from Ireland, Scotland, and the Isle of Man; and Gaulic or Gauls, who lived around modern-day France, Belgium, Switzerland, and Northern Italy.
2. They're a bunch of extremely great fighters
Although in the end the Celts were defeated by the ancient Romans, they were actually very well-trained. In fact, they loved to fight and would fight for anyone at a price.
Not only men, but the Celts women also fearlessly contributed during the battles and even taught young girls and boys how to fight. In fact, one of the famous Celt warriors is a woman called Queen Boudica, who led the uprising against the Romans when they invaded Britain.
3. The Celts already created weapons – way, way before their rivals
Yup, the Celts were apparently ahead of their time and skilled in transforming the irons into swords and daggers. That's why they were capable to create sort of an empire in Europe before the Romans invaded.
The first-ever group of the Celts that started to create iron swords was the Proto-Celtic Hallstatt Culture. After that, the use of iron swords then spread widely by the 6th century BC.
By the 5th century BC, the iron swords might as well have influenced the Europeans to create their own versions. However, it seemed that none of them could beat the Celts' version of iron swords!
4. Headhunting? That's their flex!
People nowadays might flex about money, golds, or all the expensive things they own. But, that's not something that the Celts would want to flex about. For the Celts, collecting their enemy's heads were the coolest stuff they could ever do.
The Celts were followers of animism, a religion that believes in the spirits and gods resided in streams, rocks, trees, or mistletoe. Since they believed that a person's head contains a soul, that's how the Celts probably came up with the idea.
Moreover, head collections were considered great honor and prestige that they could brag about. The Celts would even decorate their saddles and house doors with the severed enemy's heads. Yeah, that's it. FLEX!
5. They were super prosperous
If there were a list of top 10 billionaires during ancient times, the Celts might have been included in it. According to some proof, they were super rich. They all earned gold jewelry and coins through trade.
However, what's more shocking is actually the fact that they owned a lot of gold mines, with 400 of them were located in Gaul alone and more in other locations.
Due to that fact, Julius Caesar, who at that time was in debt, started the Gallic Wars. Not only that it would benefit him in terms of his political career, he could also pay off all his debt using the money he got from the Celts. It was like killing two birds with one stone.
6. They were ahead of the Romans in building roads
Talking about road building, many people thought that the Romans were the first ones to finish that. However, that was all wrong.
Despite the lack of evidence, a few planks – believed to be the Celts' – have been found in bogs in Ireland, England, and France. According to the proofs, they built the wooden road network to do some tradings between the Celtic tribes.
7. The Druids
Back then, the Celts had nothing to worry about if they had their wisest men around. They’re the Druids, the priests of Celts society. They could either be men or women, and they were all trained for 20 years for their positions.
Since they were the wisest men at that time, they were trusted to advise the kings to set new laws, write laws for the Celtic society, and even predict the future of the villagers!
8. Trading lovers
The Celts were once "suckers" for trading activities, especially with their relations between the trading colony of the Greeks, the Massalia.
During that time, the Celts could get the chance to taste Greek goods, such as olive oil, grapes, and the most popular one, wine. And, the Greeks were likely to receive furs, tin, salt, and amber in return. They accepted the items wholeheartedly as the items were quite rare to be found in the Mediterranean.
9. Before Shakespeare, there were the bardoi
Apparently, the Celts did not only have strong muscles due to constant fighting. They were also artsy, and a lot of them were excellent singing poets, known as the bardoi. They composed songs of praise and satire, which made them got paid a lot in gold in return.
So, have you gotten yourself immersed with the Celts? You can actually check more about them through our topics in Assemblr EDU app, and learn about it in AR. Hope you have fun learning while assembling!
- Celtic Wedding Rings | 10 Interesting Facts About The Celts
- Listverse | 10 Awesome Facts About The Celts
- IrishCentral | Ten things you probably didn't know about the Celts
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